Any large and heavy vehicles in motion significantly increase the level of danger on the road. Driving a truck on a highway is a difficult process. To drive a truck, you need to have transport training or special skills and knowledge that only appear with experience.
Features and difficulties of driving trucks
Simple trucks include vehicles with a carrying capacity not exceeding 3.5 tons. Driving such vehicles is identical to driving cars. Simple trucks move gently around the city and transport oversized products or building materials.
Driving a large wagon includes a number of features that will be discussed below.
Transport Training: Start of movement
In order to learn how to drive a truck correctly in winter, you need to master the basics of managing large vehicles or have transport training.
The movement must be started after the engine warms up to 70 ° and higher. The machine should move away smoothly, without jerking. Otherwise, wheel slip will occur, tire wear will increase, and gasoline consumption will not be economical.
If the van is laden, the driver should only start from the first gear. The automatic transmission is easier: no need to manually select the speed.
When starting the uphill movement, you need to start squeezing the clutch a little before the car is released. Some Daph and Volvo transmissions are equipped with a synchronizer. Then it is necessary to switch gears in descending order. The Volvo truck tractor also has increased and decreased efficiency.
When changing from the second gear to the first, the clutch must be disengaged twice with periodic short pressing on the fuel control pedal. Otherwise, the gear may fail.
Transport Training: Turns
When making a turn, one rule should be remembered – the trailer is constantly shifting towards its center, and accordingly, the radius of the maneuver being performed is quite large.
A dangerous situation in driving most often arises when driving around the city: the roads are not wide and have a small turning radius. Some models of trailers and semi-trailers “Scania” are equipped with swivel wheels to simplify the driving process.
Transport Training: Reverse
It is not easy to drive a truck in reverse. It takes practice. The main difficulty is the pushing force, which constantly pulls the trailer to the side. The driver must carefully monitor the position of the drive wheels and guide them.
You will not be able to quickly learn transport training or how to drive a truck moving in reverse. To speed up the process, it is advisable to watch a training transport video or get mastery lessons from an experienced specialist.
Transport Training: Braking
While driving, remember that stopping the car in summer and winter has its own characteristics.
Performing a long ascent, it is necessary to select and engage the gear in which it will be performed in advance. Acceleration should be avoided when descending. The higher the speed, the harder it is to stop the car. If necessary, you can use service braking or reduce speed by downshifting on the box.
Transport Training: Stop
When driving a truck and preparing to stop, it is necessary to reduce the travel speed in advance. This will give a stopping distance margin.
It is important to consider the quality of the road surface and weather conditions. So, for example, the braking distance on a wet road will be much higher than on dry asphalt.
Selecting a speed mode
The main component of road safety is the choice of the speed limit. Therefore, trucks have a number of speed limits:
- Travel speed on motorways – no more than 90 km / h.
- Travel speed on country roads is not higher than 70 km / h.
- The speed of movement in settlements is not higher than 60 km / h.
There have been cases when truck drivers went to overtake at a speed of 90 km / h, resulting in an accident.
Truck driving is a difficult and complex process that includes a number of features. Anyone can stop a car on dry asphalt, but on a slippery surface, most need to learn. Drum braking systems are often used in our country. They are slightly worse than the disk ones that are common in Australia.
It would seem that the difference is small, but it can save someone’s life. The braking distance is influenced by the condition of the tire, tires, and suspension used.